diamond geezer

 Friday, November 17, 2017

TfL's annual fare rise was announced yesterday.

It wasn't announced very loudly, because fare increases are no longer news, because fares are frozen. But not everyone's fares are frozen, so while many people will get away with paying nothing extra from 2nd January 2018, others will be paying over 3% more.

To add a historical context, TfL fare rises were 7% in 2012, 3% in 2014, 2.5% in 2015, 1% in 2016 and 0% in 2017. Next year, in the second year of Sadiq's four year freeze, the official increase is again zero.

Here are some of the newly unchanged fares on the tube and on the buses.

Cost of a single central London tube journey

The Zone 1 Oyster tube fare remains at £2.40. That's a 14% increase on five years ago, and a massive 60% increase on ten years ago, which perhaps helps to explain why the fare freeze has so been popular. Meanwhile anyone still paying by cash is forking out twice as much as they would if only they joined the modern world and waved their contactless.

Cost of a tube journey from Green Park to Heathrow
Oyster (peak)£3.50£3.80£4.20£4.50£4.80£5.00£5.00£5.10£5.10£5.10
Oyster (off-peak)£2.00£2.20£2.40£2.70£2.90£3.00£3.00£3.10£3.10£3.10

Journeys beyond zone 1 have barely risen in price since 2013, and Sadiq's freeze means the Z1-6 fare rise between 2013 and 2020 will be an amazingly small 10p. Meanwhile all off-peak London tube journeys avoiding zone 1 remain at the rock-bottom fare of £1.50, which is damned good value.

Cost of a single central London bus journey

The pay-as-you-go bus fare also remains unchanged in January, still £1.50. What's more, "in the first quarter of 2018" the Hopper is being extended to permit unlimited free transfers within an hour of a first paid-for journey. No longer restricted to two buses, the updated Hopper will allow you to catch as many as you like for £1.50, even if you catch a train inbetween. That's cracking news.

So who's losing out?

Fares will still rise on the majority of National Rail suburban services because they're not run by TfL, so the Mayor's freeze doesn't apply. These fares will be rising by inflation, or an average of 3.6%, which is a lot more than the 1.9% they rose last time.

The Mayor's press release is very keen to point out that this 3.6% fare rise is not his fault. Instead the evil Train Operating Companies are to blame, because they want the full whack the government permits so weren't willing to follow Sadiq's example and make a hole in their budgets. The phrase "mandated by the TOCs" appears as many as sixteen times in the text of the Mayoral Decision announcing next year's fares, just in case any journalist might miss the significance. If only Sadiq had shouted this loudly during his election campaign, perhaps voters wouldn't have been quite so surprised when his fare freeze turned out not to be a fare freeze for all.

Rail travellers are amongst those who'll be paying more. From January rail fares within Greater London are to increase by another 10p per journey, while the equivalent tube fares remain the same. For peak journeys between zones 1 and 6, the increase is actually 20p.

Years of differential increases mean rail fares are generally more expensive than tube fares, as this table shows.

Cost of a single train journey (Oyster, 2018)
Z1-2£2.90£2.90 £2.40£2.40
Z1-3£3.30£3.60 £2.80£2.70
Z1-4£3.90£4.10 £2.80£3.00
Z1-5£4.70£5.20 £3.10£3.40
Z1-6£5.10£6.40 £3.10£4.00

The difference in fares is fairly small in inner London, but rises more steeply towards the outskirts. If you live in zone 6, for example, at peak times it's 25% dearer to travel to central London by rail than the equivalent journey would be by tube. Off-peak from zone 3, oddly, it's 10p cheaper. And for journeys that stay outside zone 1, the differential is even worse. All off-peak tube journeys in zones 2 to 6 cost £1.50 off peak, but equivalent rail journeys cost anywhere from £2.00 to £2.90. While one set of fares remains the same but the other rises, this gap can only widen.

As for Travelcards, these are funded assuming you might travel by tube or you might travel by rail, so if rail fares rise then Travelcard prices have to rise too. Everyone with a Travelcard will end up paying more next year, in the order of 3.6%, be that weekly, monthly or annual. No fare freeze here.

And as for those daily and weekly caps which TfL like to trumpet because they save you money, more bad news. These are directly linked to Travelcard prices, so they're rising too. Individual bus and tube fares might not be rising next year, but the point at which the cap kicks in is being raised, so you could end up paying more anyway.

Rise in the one-day cap
Zones travelledIncrease
Any day's travel venturing into zone 6+50p
Any day's travel within zones 1-5+40p
Any day's travel within zones 1-4+30p
Any day's travel within zones 1-2+20p
Any day's travel solely on buses and trams  +0p

Rise in the weekly cap
Zones travelledIncrease
12 or 2345 or 3456+£1.10
234 or 345 or 456+90p
23 or 34 or 45 or 56+80p

Totted up over a full year, London commuters who rely on capping could be paying over £100 more in 2018 than they did in 2017. Sadiq's supposed fare freeze is no such thing if you're a regularly-capped traveller.

According to the Mayoral Decision, "continuing the TfL fares freeze will not have an adverse impact on TfL’s ability to run and invest in the transport services that London needs to remain successful." That's rich, given recent cutbacks in bus services and the cancellation of planned rolling stock upgrades. The worst of both worlds, surely, is that millions of Londoners end up paying more, but getting less.

 Thursday, November 16, 2017

Where is London's steepest hill?

...a hill a car can drive up or down
...officially marked with a road sign
...within Greater London

I think it's Downe Road in Cudham, which I blogged about yesterday.

Having scoured an Ordnance Survey map of the capital, it seems to be the only hill inside the Greater London boundary to be marked with a double chevron.
<< means gradient steeper than 20% (1 in 5)
  < means gradient 14% to 20% (1 in 7 to 1 in 5)
But OS maps only show chevrons on 'important' roads, so triangular warning signs are probably a better indication of a steep hill. Official guidance states that these signs should only be used where the gradient is 10% or more.

Here's my attempt at a list of the steepest roads in London. I've found a 1 in 4, a 1 in 5 and a 1 in 6, each with a sign. Can you help me find some more?

25% (1 in 4)  Downe Road, Cudham (Bromley) [map]

Downe Road careers downhill from Cudham Lane, specifically from the road junction nearest the parish church. It drops sharply to a second junction (with Church Hill) before bending left and heading down the steepest hill in London. A further right-hand bend aids the descent to the valley bottom, the road now narrow enough to make the speed limit of 40mph look somewhat unwise. One of yesterday's commenters, BCW, describes the act of cycling in the opposite direction...
Cycling from Downe to Cudham is 'fun' - a long, winding downhill run into the valley, then lots of uphill, steadily getting steeper up to that killer 1 in 4 section at the end where, if you aren't careful, your front wheel can come off the ground!
Church Hill is also steep enough to merit a chevron on the Ordnance Survey map, but only one, not two. Indeed if you stand above the road junction (pictured above) it's plain to see that Downe Road (right) descends faster than the 'gentler' lane to Berry's Green (left).

20% (1 in 5)  Fox Hill, Crystal Palace (Bromley/Croydon) [map]

This one's not on the Ordnance Survey map because the road is too minor, but Fox Hill is definitely steep because a sign at the bottom says so. It's also a historic track, and was immortalised in oils in 1870 by the French impressionist Camille Pissarro (who was living in Norwood at the time). The road rises gently at first, past some fine Victorian villas and a small recreation ground, before gaining in oomph up a steep, intense climb. Most residents in the houses alongside park facing downwards for an easier getaway. At the top of the 1 in 5 bit is a old parish boundary marker, then Fox Hill peters out at Church Road, atop the heights of Crystal Palace.

17% (1 in 6)  Ena Road, Pollards Hill (Croydon) [map]

Pollards Hill is an actual hill on the boundary of Merton and Croydon, with panoramic views over parts of south London from the park at the summit. Most of the surrounding slopes have been built upon, including a grid of suburban avenues on the northern flank, one of which is Ena Road. Drive in at one end at it doesn't look too bad, but approach via Norbury Cross and a triangular sign warns of a very steep gradient just round the bend. What follows doesn't disappoint, if somewhat innocuous in its setting. White-fronted semi-detached homesteads rise to either side, the gable of one at first floor window height for its neighbour. Within 100 metres you've ascended 17 metre (which should be obvious given how gradients work), and can now gaze back across the vast vista now opened up above the rooftoops below. Beyond a flat summit Ena Road then dips more gently down... but all the finest freewheel/skateboard action must surely be on that western side, so long as you mind the sharp right-hand bend at the bottom!

Other London roads with a confirmed gradient of at least 15%
Plum Lane, Woolwich (20%)
Tormount Road, Plumstead (20%)
Canonbie Road, Forest Hill (18%)
Braeside, Beckenham (17%)
Hartfield Crescent, Hayes Common (17%)
Milestone Road, Crystal Palace (17%)
Spout Hill, Addington (17%)
Vanbrugh Hill, Greenwich (17%)
Waddington Avenue, Old Coulsdon (16%)
Bencombe Road, Purley (15%)
Hartley Hill, Purley (15%)
Granville Park, Blackheath (15%)

Other London roads with a chevron on an Ordnance Survey map
< Jewels Hill AND Saltbox Hill (on the road between New Addington and Biggin Hill) (15%) (15%)
< Polesteeple Hill (between Biggin Hill and Tatsfield) (20%)
< Hangrove Hill (also on the road between Downe and Cudham)
< Church Hill (between Cudham and Berry's Green)

Remember, this is an empirical list... so if you can't provide proof (e.g. a chevron on a map, or a snapshot of a sign) then it doesn't count.

Remember, only roads with a triangular sign are eligible... so, for example, Swains Lane past Highgate Cemetery is infamous as a steep climb for cyclists, and has a maximum gradient of 14%, 18% or 20% depending on who you believe, but it doesn't have an official sign at the bottom, so it doesn't count.

Remember, only roads in Greater London are eligible... so, for example Succombs Hill in Warlingham is infamous as a steep climb for cyclists, and has a maximum gradient of 25% according to the sign at the top, but Warlingham's just outside Greater London, so it doesn't count.

Remember, these are official gradients... so, for example, a bike app or GPX file which shows a gradient of 23% may only apply to a very brief section of road, so isn't what a triangular sign would say, so doesn't count.

 Wednesday, November 15, 2017

2 Chislehurst & Sidcup/Orpington
This would have been the largest London borough, had the Herbert Commission had its way, comprising most of what's now Bromley and a bit of Bexley. The chief reason for its size was the extent of Orpington Urban District, which despite its name was mostly countryside, and whose boundaries dragged several villages and tiny hamlets kicking and screaming into Greater London. I've been out to explore three of these, a trio of rural retreats which probably ought to be in Kent, and likely wish they still were.

Three Orpington villages


Where? Three miles southwest of Orpington, across the fields from Biggin Hill. [map]
How did it get its name? Probably the old English word "dun", meaning hill. The spelling's changed a lot over the years, and was Down in the 19th century. Allegedly the Royal Mail requested the extra 'e' to avoid confusion with County Down, Northern Ireland.
What's on the village sign? A lime tree, the parish church, the white horse of Kent (because residents won't let it go) and a bearded man who changed the world.
How to get there? The 146 hourly from Bromley, or the R8 every 90 minutes from Orpington (or most likely drive).

What's the village like? Quiet, and sprawled, but with a central focus at the road junction by the church. Many of the houses are on the large side, but there are also several cottages, plus some more modern infill safely tucked out of sight of the richer residents. Country lanes hereabouts are narrow, and the farmland often paddocky. A few years ago the government proposed making the local area a World Heritage Site, for historical environmental reasons, but the idea remains on UNESCO's tentative list.
Population? A few hundred.
What's the big news? Fast broadband has arrived for those on the 01689 exchange. The willow tree in the pond has been removed after taking a battering in a summer storm. Nigel Andrews won the Apple Day bake-off.

Church? That'll be St Mary's, which retains one 13th century window and a 16th century steeple. A sundial on the flint tower is dedicated to Charles Darwin, long-term resident of the village, along with a somewhat passive-aggressive comment that he's buried in Westminster Abbey rather than here.
Pub? Two pubs, no less. The Queen's Head is named after Elizabeth I, who once came to the village to attend a christening. As well as Jackie's range of home made soups, it has four CAMRA-friendly real ales on tap. The George and Dragon is more half-timbered and hanging-baskety, again with real ales, and Nigel Farage (who lives in nearby Single Street) is supposedly a regular.
Village shop? Heavens no, that's long gone. But there is an Indian restaurant called the Rajdoot of Downe, and also a teashop called The Teashop. Tripadvisor rates the cake over the curry, but residents are probably onto a winner with both.

#1 tourist attraction? Down House, which for 40 years was home to the naturalist and evolutionary mastermind Charles Darwin. He moved here because of the botanic variety of the surrounding chalk grassland, and would take daily strolls amid this 'natural laboratory' to test his theories. His house is now owned by English Heritage, and is very much worth a look round (but it's weekends only in winter, and some of the rooms are closed, so now's not the best time to come).
#2 tourist attraction? Christmas Tree Farm, which as well as being a non-drop Nordman Fir distributor is also a favourite menagerie for those with small children. Meet the llamas and the "quite naughty" goats, feed the donkeys and maybe get licked by the cows, all before washing your hands and tucking in at the tea room. The farm has a low-key hands-on charm, but OMG the website looks like a jiggery-pokery relic from 15 years ago.
#3 tourist attraction? Downe Bank, the first nature reserve to be purchased by Kent Wildlife Trust, on account of it being Charles Darwin's favourite place to study. He was particularly interested in the abundance of orchids, so named one section of the slope Orchis Bank, and these flowers inspired a seminal treatise on pollination. Today's visitors are restricted to a single steep-stepped path dipping across the dry valley, which opens out only at Orchis Bank itself, where a handful of sheep graze to keep the habitat in check. I've pencilled in to return in summer, and/or in spring for the bluebells, as part of a more in-depth exploration of the area.


Where? Four miles south of Orpington, two miles east of Biggin Hill. [map]
How did it get its name? It was Cowdham at the time of the Norman Conquest, and has since been Codeham and Coldham before settling on Cudham.
What's on the village sign? The church, the pub, the Domesday book (because the village is proud of its age) and some hilly rural bumps. Erected at the millennium, alas the sign had to be taken down in the summer as its tiles kept falling off, and is now awaiting repair.
How to get there? The R10 every 150 minutes from Orpington (or most likely drive).

What's the village like? A motley collection of mostly 19th century houses, with no particular focus, spread out along Cudham Lane facing a steep escarpment. Some of the cottages are a delight, others a bit more municipal. The footpath is intermittent. A lot of people live in (or behind) what used to be Cudham Hall, previously an engineering college, since converted into plush apartments. A large mid-village sports ground is the home of Cudham Wyse cricket club and Cudham United Football Club.
Population: A couple of hundred in the village centre, a few hundred more scattered across the parish in numerous hamlets.
What's the big news? The Christmas Tree Festival launches on 24th November. Pine Media are making a hash of the broadband upgrade. Sarah Elston's Zumba demo at the Cudham Fete went down a treat.

Church? That'll be St Peter and St Paul, which is of 11th century origin, and sits at the highest point hereabouts. Two of the yew trees in the churchyard are believed to be around 1500 years old, suggesting that the site has a much longer history. Repairs to the top of the steeple are currently being actioned via a very long ladder resting across the clockface.
Pub? The Blacksmith's Arms is an archetypal country pub, whitefaced and stepped, and dates back to 1628. Originally a farm building, then a smithy, the owner started selling ale in 1729. Outdoor options include tables out front or the beer garden out back ("Please do not pour drinks on flowers as it kills them"), the latter ideally located for cricket ground refreshment. Nigel Farage is again known to be a regular, and this may be why in 2014 the kitchen started serving a 'UKIP pie'.
Village shop? Heavens no. If you want bread or milk, or anything, best drive to Biggin Hill. But you can get your car serviced, or your MOT sorted, at Humphreys garage.

#1 tourist attraction? The Blacksmith's Arms was the childhood home of Harry Relph, better known as music hall star Little Tich. Born in 1867 with an additional finger on each hand, he stopped growing taller at the age of 10, and eventually worked his way up the showbiz ladder from local curiosity to theatrical impressionist. One of the first visual comedians to be captured on film, his most famous act involved dancing on the tips of 28-inch boots. A small exhibition of Little Tich memorabilia can be found inside the pub.
#2 tourist attraction? The Cudham Circular Walk is a 7.5 mile waymarked trail across ideal walking country, and takes in Downe and High Elms - leaflet here.
#3 tourist attraction? If you fancy giving your car's brakes a good tryout, or want to cycle down a really sharp incline, the lane down the escarpment from Cudham Lane may be the steepest hill in Greater London. Church Hill looks bad enough, but the sign at the top of Downe Road warns of a 25% gradient (or 1 in 4 in old money) which is quite some descent.


Where? Two miles southeast of Orpington, just south of Chelsfield. [map]
How did it get its name? With a name like that, good question... but it turns out to be nothing smutty. Stephen Prat was a 14th century landowner, and the village is low-lying at the foot of a hill.
What's on the village sign? The coat of arms of the Diocese of Rochester, propped up by two white horses (they took leaving Kent really badly here), plus a squat building I think must be the local tollgate cottage (which was demolished in the 1930s).
How to get there? The R5 every 150 minutes from Orpington, or walk a mile to Knockholt station (or most likely drive - the busy A21 road passes through the valley at the foot of the village).

What's the village like? The original village nestles around a triangular common, overlooked by a converted oast house, the pub and the village hall. To the south are some fine weatherboarded cottages and a nautical-themed playground, before the road up Rushmore Hill disappears into a leafy tunnel. Much suburban infill has taken place, most notably the avenues squeezed up onto the escarpment, some of which are lucky/unlucky enough to be in Kent rather than London. Villagey ambience is almost entirely absent along the arterial Sevenoaks Road.
Population? A couple of thousand.
What's the big news? The Christmas tree on the green is already up, with a warning to council staff not to strim underneath for fear of chopping the fairy lights. High on the agenda at the recent AGM of the Pratts Bottom Residents Association was "the dreadful bus service". The next Model Railway Show in the Village Hall is on the weekend of 13th/14th January, but the date for the village panto is not yet set.

Church? That'll be All Souls, a simple chapel-like affair built when the population grew rapidly at the end of the 19th century. Accessed up a steep footpath, the bench out front has fine views over undulating arable fields.
Pub? The Bull's Head (or The Bulls Head, depending) has stood on its current site for roughly 400 years, a short trot uphill from the Sevenoaks Road. Dick Turpin is said to have drunk here, and to have crept in and out via a secret tunnel, but dozens of pubs across the country claim much the same thing. Having survived a spell as a wine bar, then a down-at-heel dive, these days it's a pleasant all-round hub with an open fire for addled overwintering.
Village shop? The Rushmore Store on the main street reopened last year, selling newspapers, groceries and sandwiches, but appears to have succumbed to market pressures and is now very much blinds-down. I suspect the Spar minimart at the Esso garage on the main road sealed its doom. But if it's something more specialist you're after, try the parade across the road. World of Sewing is rammed with craft fabrics, sewing machines and haberdashery, and the nice ladies within will happily demonstrate their overlockers. The next niche retailer is The Christian Bookshop, then a Chinese takeaway, then The Kitchen Doctor offering made-to-measure worktop upgrades, but the intermediate off-licence has alas long since bottled up.

#1 tourist attraction? Other than standing in front of the village sign for a grinning selfie, nothing. But that's no reason to never visit...

 Tuesday, November 14, 2017

The big new viral thing in the world of social media is the World Cup Of.

Richard Osman kicked it off, with his World Cup of Chocolate and World Cup of Biscuits and World Cup of Crisps and most recently a book called The World Cup of Everything.

More recently there's been a World Cup of Cathedrals (won by Lincoln), Geoff has been running the World Cup of lines on the Tube Map (the final is today), Martin is running a Victoria Line World Cup (seeded into four pots) and there's also a World Cup of Zone 1 Stations (currently in its early rounds).

Not to be left behind, I'm excited to be launching several World Cups of my own on this blog. The first knockout matches in each competition are listed below. Simply make your choice and click to vote in each battle, and the current result will pop up on the screen. I'm sure the associated social media buzz will launch me into the media stratosphere, and along the way we'll discover what the UK definitely thinks!

Budgens  Co-Op

February 23rd  October 17th

Jasmine Shimmer  Dusted Fondant

M48  M275

Texel  North Country Cheviot

rhenium  krypton

MacFarlane  McInally

Milhouse Van Houten  Edna Krabappel

Banana  Butterscotch

A4  Foolscap

Jalapeños  Monterey Jack

Diane-Louise  Barney

Red, White and Blue Brexit  Cliff Edge Brexit

😍  😂

a  aardvark

Mexico 1986  South Africa 2010

Best of all there are precisely 16 World Cups, so at the end of the process I'm going to run an extra four-stage knockout to discover which of these competitions is the British public's favourite World Cup, in the Absolutely Official World Cup of World Cups.

Join me now on the World Cup bandwagon, while it lasts, and let's bring that jumped-up football competition down a notch or two.

 Monday, November 13, 2017

Today I'm going to answer the question "Which is the northernmost bus stop served by a TfL bus?"

I'm asking because the answer has just changed. Today it's this bus stop at Potters Bar station.

But last Friday it was this bus stop on a nearby industrial estate.

And yes, budget cutbacks are the reason why. Here's the story.

The bus route we're interested in is the 298 from Arnos Grove to Potters Bar. Evenings and weekends it ran from station to station, but before 8pm on weekdays it continued to the Cranborne Road Industrial Estate on the northwestern edge of town.

It's this extension which TfL have just chopped off following a cut in funding from Hertfordshire County Council, so all buses will now terminate at the station. In last year's public consultation local residents complained about increasing isolation, unsafe walking routes, the disappearance of a step-free connection and having to pay more on other buses, but TfL replied by saying Hertfordshire isn't our problem, sorry, and you're lucky we don't turn buses round at the border. The route is still being run with the same number of vehicles "to improve reliability", but is now about a mile shorter, which must at least save on fuel.

Route 298 runs every 20 minutes and is contracted to Sullivan Buses, an independent operator based at South Mimms. Here's a quick history of the route, as posted up inside the vehicles, because bus companies run by enthusiasts like to do this kind of thing.

Last week I headed to Arnos Grove and took a ride to London's northernmost bus stop, back when it still was London's northernmost bus stop. From one architecturally-renowned underground station the driver led us to another at Southgate, then skipped on to a third at Cockfosters. From here the 298 goes it alone, past the gates of Trent Park and several quite large houses, before speeding through a mile of undulating open country. The border with Hertfordshire came just before junction 24 of the M25, and then it was into Potters Bar proper, via Potty Pancakes, Tesco and Mutton Lane.

It had taken just over half an hour to reach the new, permanent end of the route at Potters Bar station. Only one other TfL bus gets this far - the 313 from Chingford - while other multicoloured services disperse to St Albans, Luton and Waltham Cross. The forecourt acts as a large turning circle, with four bus stops around the edge and a taxi stand in the centre. We pulled into a bus stop none of the posters said we would, where not quite everyone got off and a couple of people got on. The presence of a big Sainsburys by the station had been the draw for one elderly passenger who'd be lugging her provisions home via the soon-to-be-doomed section.

One mile to go, first back underneath the railway bridge, then back onto Mutton Lane heading west. Residents at these next couple of stops aren't going to be left bereft, they'll still have the frequent 84 which heads to Barnet, and the 398 which occasionally goes to Watford. But what they will now face is paying full market price for their journey, no longer cushioned by TfL's fares, which their council no longer subsidises. Last week they enjoyed a bus which heads into London for £1.50, this week it's £2.60... or they can jolly well walk to the station and catch the cheaper option from there.

Only when the 298 turns off up Cranborne Road does redundancy truly kick in. There's only one more stop, half a mile distant, past a run of Thirties semis and dipping down into the valley of a minor brook before entering the industrial estate proper. What struck me first was the sheer number of cars ahead, both parked alongside the kerb but also on the forecourts outside various auto-related businesses. One multi-storey block is actually a Bentley service centre, its stock of scrubbed-up motors so exclusive that an employee was taking repeated selfies next to one of them. London's northernmost bus stop is bang outside.

In fact there are two northermost bus stops, immediately opposite one another, and one is where the driver turfed me off. This particular stop had lost its flag - I found it later lying abandoned in the road beside a distant traffic island. Thankfully the bus stop on the opposite side of the road was intact. This being Hertfordshire there's no roundel or route number, but there is a message on the timetable panel warning that the 298 is being withdrawn. It's been stuck to the glass using sellotape, and looks like it's been churned off an office printer, then chopped up into strips. Something similar is stuck to all the other doomed bus stops, if not at such a jaunty angle. I reckon two sheets of A4 were probably sufficient.

The Timetable Removal Team can never resist going round early when a route is due to change, so the current 298 timetable has already been removed. Posted up instead is Hertfordshire's replacement, an extension of route 242, which reveals a startling drop in service. From today the Cranborne Industrial Estate will only be served by a single bus arriving at half past seven in the morning, and another departing at just after five in the evening. If these two services don't fit your working day, bad luck, you'll have to walk in, or maybe throw in the towel and commute by car. TfL's consultation suggested around sixty commuters would be disadvantaged, but remember this is Hertfordshire's problem now, and money no longer grows on trees.

Technically there is/was a bus stop slightly further north, namely the bus stand where the drivers on route 298 waited up between departures. It's only a short distance ahead, on a scrappy verge beneath the East Coast Mainline, where a forbidding passageway leads off along the foot of the embankment. Sullivan Buses appear to use the area as a bus park, ideal for storing schoolbuses between the peaks as well as 298s not currently out in service. Numerous light industrial units are swirled around the neighbouring loop of access roads, from flooring consultants to skip hire depots and specialist vinyl distributors to plumbers merchants. It's easy to question what a London bus was ever doing out here in the first place, let alone running 83 times a day, but some legacy networks take decades to decay.

So that's why London's northernmost bus stop has changed, why it used to be on an industrial estate and is now outside Potters Bar station. When a council outside the capital stops funding London buses it no longer has any say over how TfL chooses to cut them back, and Hertfordshire can probably count itself lucky that no other routes have been curtailed so far. The 292's excursion to the outposts of Borehamwood looks potentially vulnerable, and I'm sure TfL's accountants would rather the 142 and 258 didn't both venture up to Watford Junction. Sadiq's budget squeeze means a lot of TfL bus services are seeing frequency reductions these days, but it's London's links to its surrounding counties which are most at risk from fare freeze pruning.

A pedant writes: It may not appear on any map, but there is one TfL bus service in Potters Bar which still runs fractionally further north. The 313 normally runs between Chingford and Potters Bar station, but during termtime one additional service continues to Dame Alice Owens School in the morning and another returns in the afternoon. If you count this one-off academybus, then the northernmost bus stop on the TfL network is now at the top of Dugdale Hill Lane, but I choose not to because you'd have to be the laziest schoolkid imaginable to alight so close to where you got on.

For completeness
Northernmost bus stop: Potters Bar station [298, 313]
Easternmost bus stop: Brentwood High Street [498]
Southernmost bus stop: Townfield Court, Dorking [465]
Westernmost bus stop: Queensmere Centre, Slough [81]

 Sunday, November 12, 2017

Yesterday the country paused for two minutes to remember its war dead. Today we'll do it again. But why?

Monday 11th November 1918
The Great War ends at 11am on 11th November - the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month - following the signing of the Armistice in a railway carriage earlier that morning. Soldiers and citizens across Europe celebrate, and reflect. [newsreel]
Tuesday 11th November 1919
In May an Australian journalist called Edward George Honey* writes a letter to the London Evening News proposing a national silence on the first anniversary of the Armistice. In October his idea is passed to King George V, who announces "for the brief space of two minutes a complete suspension of all our normal activities… so that in perfect stillness, the thoughts of everyone may be concentrated on reverent remembrance of the glorious dead." The Manchester Guardian reports "Everyone stood very still… The hush deepened. It had spread over the whole city and become so pronounced as to impress one with a sense of audibility. It was a silence which was almost pain… And the spirit of memory brooded over it all." [newsreel]
* Edward dies in 1922 at the age of 37. You can see his grave in Northwood Cemetery, Hillingdon.
Thursday 11th November 1920
The Cenotaph is unveiled in Whitehall. An unidentified British soldier killed on a European battlefield is buried in Westminster Abbey in The Tomb of The Unknown Warrior. [newsreel]
The two minute silence on Armistice Day is now an annual commemoration. 
Friday 11th November 1938
The official national commemoration is held on a weekday for the last time. [newsreel]
 Sunday 12th November 1939
Following the outbreak of World War Two, the government chooses to move the Two Minute Silence to the Sunday closest to 11th November. This is a practical measure to ensure that the nationwide pause does not interfere with factory production. Acts of remembrance are scaled down and no service is held at the Cenotaph.
 Sunday 10th November 1940
Sunday 9th November 1941
Sunday 8th November 1942
Sunday 14th November 1943
Sunday 12th November 1944
 Sunday 11th November 1945
The first "second Sunday in November" following World War Two, by coincidence, is also Armistice Day. National commemorations at the Cenotaph resume, now to remember the dead of two world wars. [newsreel]
 Sunday 10th November 1946
Rather than reverting to 11th November the Two Minute Silence remains on the closest Sunday, which is officially named Remembrance Sunday. [newsreel]
Many citizens continue to pause for two minutes on 11th November, because this is the actual anniversary.The monarch, armed forces and politicians continue to gather reverently on Whitehall on the second Sunday in November, and the official Two Minute Silence takes place at 11am.
Saturday 11th November 1995
For the 50th anniversary of the end of WW2, the British Legion campaigns for the reinstatement of a Two Minute Silence on Armistice Day. Capturing the national mood, millions do indeed fall silent, and the double-commemoration is up and running.
Sunday 12th November 1995
The following day, the official Two Minute Silence takes place as usual.
The British Legion's Two Minute Silence now takes place on 11th November. "As the national custodian of Remembrance, the Legion believes that when 11 November falls on days other than Sundays, Remembrance should be brought into the everyday life of the nation on those days as well." Only in 2001, 2007 and 2012 have the two days coincided, with a single Two Minute Silence rather than two.The National Service of Remembrance is still held on the second Sunday in November at the Cenotaph on Whitehall, London to "commemorate the contribution of British and Commonwealth military and civilian servicemen and women involved in the two World Wars and later conflicts." Only in 2001, 2007 and 2012 have the two days coincided, with a single Two Minute Silence rather than two.
Saturday 11th November 2017
The British Legion organises wreath-laying ceremonies at war memorials across the country, holds a ceremony at the National Memorial Arboretum, and encourages the nation to pause for two minutes at 11am... which much of it does.
Sunday 12th November 2017
Services and ceremonies are held across the country, with the national focus at the Cenotaph where the royal family, leading politicians and members of the Armed Forces lay wreaths. The nation pauses for two minutes at 11am.
Sunday 11th November 2018
Thanks to a 1-in-7 quirk, the 100th anniversary of the end of World War One actually falls on a Sunday, focusing everyone's thoughts on a single day rather than Remembrance Sunday looking like a calendar oddity.
Monday 11th November 2019
But the 100th Armistice Day falls on a Monday.
Sunday 10th November 2019
Here we go again, off-kilter, remembering twice.

So the answer to the question "Why do we stop for two minutes twice?" is twofold. Firstly, a wartime economic measure shifted the commemoration from 11th November to a moveable Sunday, and nobody's ever moved it back. And secondly the British Legion believes that a Sunday isn't good enough, pausing on the actual anniversary is best, and if that interrupts the flow of working life all the better.

In short, the church and government believe it's important to remember, and the British Legion believes it's important to be seen to remember.

I wish we could settle on one date or the other, and stop this unnecessary repetition. Doubling the Two Minute Silence merely dilutes and downplays our reflection, and in today's world it's ever more important to Never Forget.

 Saturday, November 11, 2017

With everyone's thoughts turning to festive shopping, I'm pleased to announce that the Diamond Geezer Christmas Shop is now open.

Three wonderful gifts have been specially selected for the DG readership, featuring favourite phrases and sayings from the commentariat.

Pick the gift which best matches your point of view, and make your selection from the drop-down menu.

MUG - £5.99

Keep this high quality ceramic receptacle by your laptop to use as inspiration when you read a sentence that isn't constructed the way you'd have done it.

Quantity:   Colour:


Quantity:   Cap size:

Wear this hand-stitched cotton headgear with pride whenever you spot an oversight, omission or inaccuracy which offends your better judgement.

T-SHIRT - £11.99

Quantity:   Size:

Don this defensive garment to vent your anger at yet another tedious post about railways, bus stops or so-called places of interest.

To complete your purchase, simply swipe your contactless card against the screen.

All goods will be despatched within 24 hours, and should be with you by 23rd December.

Chosen courier:
Place of safety:

Buy now while stocks last, and before some newly-published irksome post appears.

And keep a closed eye on social media for the imminent appearance of the long-awiated Diamond Geezer Christmas advert!

 Friday, November 10, 2017

And so ends diamond geezer's first ever Overground week. I managed to find 15 different things to write about, and you managed to write over 400 comments between you, for which many thanks. The number of visitors to the blog was also much higher than usual, not because everybody likes trains but because none of you could be certain when the next post was going to appear. Things'll be less orange from tomorrow, which means the rest of you can come back and start reading again. But Saturday is also the perfect day to take a 10th anniversary ride on the Overground - perhaps to one of these points of interest - in celebration of the orbital link that drives outer London.

Orangewatch (5) Night Overground
It's coming in just one month's time - the orange version of the Night Tube!

They're going to call it the Night Overground, because technically it isn't the Night Tube because the Overground isn't part of the tube network. But the pocket map you'll be able to pick up will still call everything the Night Tube, because there isn't room for a long title. However the extra-large map displayed in frames on station platforms will be titled the Night Tube and London Overground map, because that has loads of room across the top, so the pedants were allowed to win that argument.

Back in July when the start date for the Night Overground was announced, all that anybody official would say was "December". The start has to coincide with the annual National Rail timetable change on the second Sunday of December, which this year is Sunday 10th December. But that won't be the day the Night Overground starts because the switch takes place in the early hours of the morning, not at midnight. Instead the Night Overground is timetabled begin on the night of Friday 15th December, specifically the early hours of Saturday 16th, when the 0019 train departs New Cross Gate. Trains will be running every 15 minutes.

Not all of the Overground will be running throughout Friday and Saturday nights, only a tiny part of it. That tiny part is from Dalston Junction down to New Cross Gate, but that's great because it goes under the Thames so will be a dead useful link between east and southeast London. The plan is for the Night Overground to be extended up to Highbury & Islington in January 2018, which'll be even better. But there are no immediate plans to extend the Night Overground to any of the other 99 stations on the network, sorry.

When it launches, the Night Overground will only interchange with the Night Tube (Jubilee line) at Canada Water. In January it'll also interchange with the Night Tube (Victoria line) at Highbury & Islington. But trains won't be stopping at Whitechapel until next December, because there's too much overnight Crossrail work still to complete over the coming year.

It'll be interesting to see how the Night Overground affects Citymapper's first regular bus service, the CM2. This independent minibus runs every Friday and Saturday night between Highbury & Islington and Aldgate East stations, via Dalston, Hoxton and Shoreditch... pretty much the same route as the Overground will be taking. The bus is cheaper and starts earlier in the evening, but is also slower, and only accepts contactless. Citymapper moved in because their data analysts identified this East London corridor as lacking in overnight connections... will the introduction of the Night Overground fill the gap?

Overground quiz (5) The Inbetweeners
For today's quiz, all you have to do is identify the Overground station inbetween the two I've named.

  1) Whitechapel --- ????? --- Hoxton
  2) Shepherd's Bush --- ????? --- West Brompton
  3) Forest Hill --- ????? --- Crystal Palace
  4) Kensal Rise --- ????? --- Acton Central
  5) Hackney Central --- ????? --- Hackney Wick
  6) Clapham High Street --- ????? --- Peckham Rye
  7) Silver Street --- ????? --- Bruce Grove
  8) Gospel Oak --- ????? --- Crouch Hill
  9) Carpenders Park --- ????? --- Watford High Street
10) Walthamstow Central --- ????? --- Highams Park

Answers are in the comments box, so have a good think before you peek.
And that should give you a score out of 10. Do tell us how you get on.

Orbitalgeek (5) Least used

259490 passengers

Romford-Upminster, Zone 6

The least used station on the Overground, perhaps unsurprisingly, is the single stop on the runty shuttle in distant Havering. Only a quarter of a million passengers boarded or alighted from a train here during the twelve months ending March 2016 - the latest year for which figures are available. But I've blogged about Emerson Park twice previously, before and after the Overground took over, so instead let's move on and look at least used stations numbers two, three, four and five...

351986 passengers

Liverpool Street-Cheshunt, Zone 7

This outer suburban outpost lurks one stop before Cheshunt, just beyond the edge of Greater London, in the rarely-seen Zone 7. It's also one of the most used stations of my childhood, because my grandmother used to live just round the corner, and it's here that my Mum grew up. I remember getting the slamdoor from Liverpool Street and alighting on the viaduct platforms, then heading down the dark and gloomy stairwells to the street outside. The stairs are much brighter now, with strip lights and orange-trim handrails, and no sign of the wooden treads I stepped down as a boy. Blimey, there are also now ticket gates on the way out, and a couple of staff standing close by, the kind who write a Thought For The Day in marker pen as a welcome message on the whiteboard outside.

A spruced-up entrance opens out onto the top of Waltham Cross High Street, beside a pub I suspect my grandfather once drank in, and a parade of shops with diminishing cultural overlap. Holy Trinity church looms symmetrically across the mini-roundabout, and a Metropolitan horse trough slowly fills with leaves. The station's named after the royal palace up Theobalds Lane where James I held court, now a characterful public park complete with cafe, hedge maze and tiny zoo. The name's also occasionally misspelled as Theobolds Grove, most embarrassingly on the day the Overground took over, but I'm pleased to report that all the roundels subsequently installed on the platform are correct. But why wait here when trains from Waltham Cross station are faster... unless you have business in the neighbouring avenues and terraces, which alas I no longer do.

456228 passengers

Watford-Euston, Zone 2

Who would have guessed that a least used station would lie quite so close to the centre of the city? South Hampstead is the first stop out of London Euston, in the dip below the Finchley Road, amid a highly residential zone. But it's also only a short walk from Swiss Cottage, where trains are considerably more frequent and ply the heart of the West End, hence the Jubilee line station sees 16 times as many passengers. Still, this is the ideal stopping off point if you've ever wanted to admire the stepped terraces of the Alexandra and Ainsworth estate, whose modernist architecture begins just past the closed-down dry cleaners on the other side of the street.

South Hampstead station isn't easily spotted, being little more than a hut on a footbridge, but large enough to contain an office where members of staff wait to sell tickets and a couple of machines which will soon replace them. Press the right parts of the screen and you could buy an Off-Peak Return from Penzance to Wick in three weeks time for just £356. But safer to touch in and step down into the open cutting to await the slow train to Watford, which emerges dramatically from a tunnel at the far end of the platform. Or watch the Inter Cities whizzing by to Euston, where you too could be soon, just not quite so quickly.

473014 passengers

Watford-Euston, Zone 5

Almost half an hour up the line, in the wilds of Harrow, is the Overground's fourth least used station. Headstone Lane may have been a 'major' road in Middlesex's rural past, but no longer is, and now funnels residential traffic up the western edge of Harrow Weald. The station sits in a bend where an actual lane still extends into Pinner Park, a large expanse of proper farmland, trimmed back a little by the occasional playing field. The station building is small, smart and square-ish, most probably dating from between the wars, and embellished by two spikes at each end of its tiled roof. Something of the nature of the local area can be gleaned from the sole advert tied to the railings immediately opposite the entrance - a laminated poster for the weekly delights of Hatch End Chess Club.

Grab your Metro from the bin outside, or a selection of mundane leaflets from the rack inside by the ticket office. A deep staircase descends to platform level, these covered at one end by canopies that've seen better days, and whose rooftop glass could do with a good scrub. The northbound platform boasts an impressive-sized 'Cycle Room', with space for a couple of dozen wheeled steeds arrayed along the far wall. No need to lug them up the stairs either, because a gate further along the platform is open to the street via a convenient ramp, which means Headstone Lane is step-free (hurrah) in (alas) one direction only. Be sure to touch out on the reader, and boost next year's ridership figures.

503130 passengers

Liverpool Street-Enfield/Cheshunt, Zone 3

Back on the Lea Valley lines, Stamford Hill is one of an underused trio of stations serving northern Hackney. Southbound trains mostly empty out at Seven Sisters, where hordes of Tottenham and Enfield residents alight to speed into the centre of town on the much faster Victoria line. Stamford Hill thus has a somewhat lonely feel, not helped by all the boarded-up windows in the Victorian station building which spans the tracks. Full marks, then, to Gladesmore School who turned up and painted a mural along the footbridge leading to the northbound platform, featuring a colourful variety of characters from the local community.

The staircases are open air replacements for the long-removed originals, and somewhat precipitous, demanding care and attention from passengers ascending or descending. On the southbound platform the former shelter is closed, whereas on the northbound it's merely taped off temporarily behind a strip of plastic, which someone has kindly ripped so that passengers can wait on the benches inside. I was shocked to spot a far more serious misdemeanour at the far end of the platforms, as a would-be passenger vaulted the security fence to gain entry from the street, then walked nonchalantly across the tracks to reach the London-bound side. He'll have saved a few pounds on a fare, but I wouldn't rate his chances of reaching retirement.

6) Turkey Street (603754) Zone 6
7) Penge West (640978) Zone 4
8) Cambridge Heath (646748) Zone 2
9) Hatch End (707454) Zone 6
10) South Acton (722238) Zone 3

 Thursday, November 09, 2017

Orbitalgeek (4) Overground/Underground
It's a well-known fact that at Whitechapel station the Overground goes under the Underground. How we laughed the first time we were told. How weakly we now smile.

If you've been down to Whitechapel recently, you'll know that the Overground looks a lot more underground than it did before. Previously it ran through the station in a cutting, open to the sky, but enabling works for Crossrail have put paid to that, and as 2017 has progressed the sky has disappeared. A brand new concourse has been built directly above the Overground track and platforms, which from December 2018 will provide customer access across the heart of the station. To the south will be the main entrance on Whitechapel Road, while to the north will be the escalators leading down to the Crossrail platforms. You can get a slight glimpse of almost what's happening up top if you use the new footbridge, very recently opened to link the northern ends of the two Overground platforms.

But Whitechapel's not the only place where the Overground goes under the Underground. This amusing contradiction isn't just restricted to stations, there are sections of track where it happens too. So this evening I'm wondering if we can make a definitive list of all the places where the Overground passes underneath the Underground. There are at least twenty locations on the tube map where the two networks intersect, so I reckon we might be able to find around half a dozen.

Locations where the Overground passes underneath the Underground
1) Whitechapel station
2) Between Brondesbury & West Hampstead, the Overground goes under the Met/Jubilee [map] (thanks Roger)
3) Between South Acton and Gunnersbury, the Overground goes under the Piccadilly/District [map] (thanks Joe)
4) Just north of Shepherd's Bush, the Overground goes under the Hammersmith & City/Circle [map] (thanks Jimbo)
5) Between Kenton and South Kenton, the Overground (and Bakerloo) goes under the Metropolitan [map] (thanks Ben)
6) Immediately east of South Hampstead, the Overground goes under under the Metropolitan [map] (thanks poconnor, Peter and Amir)

n.b. A delightful design quirk of the tube map is that if a tube line is drawn underneath another tube line, then it also passes underneath that tube line in real life. But that's not the case for the Overground, which is always drawn underneath all the other lines, so this particular feature won't help you in today's quest.

Orangewatch (4) Pixies and Goblins
The Gospel Oak to Barking line is having a rough time at the moment, thanks to totally-ballsed-up electrification works. Network Rail were supposed to have the gantries up and ready last spring after a six month shutdown, but bad project management meant two more line closures have been required. The first of these was for five weeks ending last month, and on 18th November a further eight week closure will begin, forcing the Goblin's usual clientele onto a godawfully slow rail replacement bus service, again. I've taken advantage of this brief engineering hiatus to ride one of the Overground's very special trains, the so-called PIXC-buster service.

Trains on the Gospel Oak to Barking line trains used to run every 30 minutes before TfL took over, and were notoriously unreliable. As part of the introduction of the Overground the frequency was increased to every 20 minutes, and more recently increased again to every 15. But the smart new Turbostar trains introduced on the line in 2010 still only have two carriages, so at peak times the Goblin becomes a can of sardines. The official Department of Transport acronym for such seriously overcrowded trains is PIXC, or 'Passengers In eXcess of Capacity'. Hence a PIXC-buster service has been inserted into one of the 15 minute gaps in the evening peak to ease the strain, and from what I've seen it seems to work. [timetable]

It's 17:10 at South Tottenham station. The train west to Gospel Oak is just leaving, so it ought to be 15 minutes until the next one, but instead there's a special train due in nine. It's already visible waiting in the distance, but not in the direction you'd be expecting, because it has to drive up from the depot at Willesden. This is the 'spare' train, the seventh set they keep on standby in case one of the other six goes wrong, but if all's well it slips out in the evening to make this single mercy dash. Dozens of people on the eastbound platform are a bit confused as to why what they think is their next train isn't getting any closer, until an announcement eventually confirms "The approaching train is not scheduled to stop here", and the PIXC-buster rides slowly through, its interior dark.

It then hides up the line, at a crossover just round the bend, giving the driver the opportunity to turn on the lights and swap ends. I should point out that all of this manoeuvring is cunningly inserted into a lengthy gap between other scheduled trains so as not to get in anyone's way. And then, just as the next eastbound train arrives to clear the opposite platform, the PIXC-buster slips in heading west. The Next Train Indicator briefly lies, stating that the approaching train is not scheduled to stop here, before changing its mind and correctly announcing that this is the 17:19 to Gospel Oak. Five of us step aboard.

The train is empty and smells (sweetly) of detergent. It's the middle of the rush hour in the middle of the line and yet I have the choice of any seat in the carriage, apart from that occupied by my other fellow passenger. And it doesn't get much busier at the next couple of stations either. I wonder whether any of the handful of people getting on are here because they know this capacious train exists, or whether they just happen to have turned up at the station six minutes early for the usual quarter-hourly departure. Whatever, this short run isn't the actual PIXC-buster, it's a rolling stock manoeuvre to get an extra train in place for a bonus journey heading east from Gospel Oak. Which is where things get complicated.
Departures from Gospel Oak: ...1705 1720 1728 1735 1750...
The train ahead of us, which would normally sit in the platform at Gospel Oak for 12 minutes, now has to get out of our way. It's therefore timetabled to depart earlier than it normally would, so it gets to form the 17:28 bonus train, while the spare set from the depot gets to be the normal 17:35. Fret not about the details, just know that a extra rush hour train runs all the way to Barking at the busiest time of the evening, sharing out the people who would normally have squeezed onto one train onto two. The 17:28 PIXC-buster eases travel for those interchanging from a train from Richmond, leaving the 17:35 to mop up the next crowd from Clapham Junction.

My ride on the 'extra' train was almost comfortable, with space to lean against the bulkheads if not any spare seats. The journey was initially unremarkable and civilised, with an on/off drip of commuters heading quietly home. But we lost a few minutes on the approach to Blackhorse Road, which is where the busy Victoria line connects, so here were the multitudinous hordes I'd been expecting. They crammed in and packed out the train, so I can only imagine how bad it would have been if trains had been the normal 15 minutes apart. The PIXC-buster had done its job. Meanwhile the 17:35 departure was considerably quieter and did have spare seats, because being only six minutes behind it hadn't had time to fill up. This, you'll remember, was the spare set of carriages inserted into the system back at South Tottenham, but now with a muddy floor and no longer smelling of freshly-washed dishes.

The spare train had one final surprise at Barking, which was to deposit us on platform 7 rather than the usual platform 1, because that was already occupied. A swift, passengerless departure was then required to make way for the 18:23 to Pitsea, which meant the driver taking a trip to the sidings, before returning half an hour later as a timetabled passenger service back towards the depot. And all this kerfuffle takes place every weekday evening, bringing the spare set of carriages into play simply so that commuters can be provided with one extra train where they're not packed in like cattle. Things'll be very different next year, when electrification's complete and new longer trains can be introduced. With four carriages rather than two, running happily ever after, the Goblin will no longer have to play with its PIXCs.

There's also a morning PIXC-buster, which runs in the opposite direction. It starts at Woodgrange Park, not Barking, and slips into the middle of the gap between the normal 07:51 and 08:06 departures. It eases overcrowding all the way to Upper Holloway, and then does something highly unusual by skipping Gospel Oak because the platform's already full. It sits in the siding for a bit, with passengers on board, then continues (like absolutely no other train does) via all the other stations to Willesden Junction. Geoff's ridden that one, it's in his Secrets of the Overground video, part 1.

» The History of the Barking - Gospel Oak PIXC-Buster (pdf)

click for Older Posts >>

click to return to the main page

...or read more in my monthly archives
Jan17  Feb17  Mar17  Apr17  May17  Jun17  Jul17  Aug17  Sep17  Oct17  Nov17
Jan16  Feb16  Mar16  Apr16  May16  Jun16  Jul16  Aug16  Sep16  Oct16  Nov16  Dec16
Jan15  Feb15  Mar15  Apr15  May15  Jun15  Jul15  Aug15  Sep15  Oct15  Nov15  Dec15
Jan14  Feb14  Mar14  Apr14  May14  Jun14  Jul14  Aug14  Sep14  Oct14  Nov14  Dec14
Jan13  Feb13  Mar13  Apr13  May13  Jun13  Jul13  Aug13  Sep13  Oct13  Nov13  Dec13
Jan12  Feb12  Mar12  Apr12  May12  Jun12  Jul12  Aug12  Sep12  Oct12  Nov12  Dec12
Jan11  Feb11  Mar11  Apr11  May11  Jun11  Jul11  Aug11  Sep11  Oct11  Nov11  Dec11
Jan10  Feb10  Mar10  Apr10  May10  Jun10  Jul10  Aug10  Sep10  Oct10  Nov10  Dec10 
Jan09  Feb09  Mar09  Apr09  May09  Jun09  Jul09  Aug09  Sep09  Oct09  Nov09  Dec09
Jan08  Feb08  Mar08  Apr08  May08  Jun08  Jul08  Aug08  Sep08  Oct08  Nov08  Dec08
Jan07  Feb07  Mar07  Apr07  May07  Jun07  Jul07  Aug07  Sep07  Oct07  Nov07  Dec07
Jan06  Feb06  Mar06  Apr06  May06  Jun06  Jul06  Aug06  Sep06  Oct06  Nov06  Dec06
Jan05  Feb05  Mar05  Apr05  May05  Jun05  Jul05  Aug05  Sep05  Oct05  Nov05  Dec05
Jan04  Feb04  Mar04  Apr04  May04  Jun04  Jul04  Aug04  Sep04  Oct04  Nov04  Dec04
Jan03  Feb03  Mar03  Apr03  May03  Jun03  Jul03  Aug03  Sep03  Oct03  Nov03  Dec03
 Jan02  Feb02  Mar02  Apr02  May02  Jun02  Jul02 Aug02  Sep02  Oct02  Nov02  Dec02 

eXTReMe Tracker
jack of diamonds
Life viewed from London E3

» email me
» follow me on twitter
» follow the blog on Twitter
» follow the blog on RSS

my flickr photostream